Publications by Prof. Dr. Sascha L. Schmidt

Refereed Articles

Lenz, M. V. / Schmidt, S. L. / Schreyer, D. (2019): The impact of personality traits on talents’ performance throughout development phases: Empirical evidence from professional football. Applied Economics.

Matesanz, D. / Schmidt, S. / Holzmayer, F. / Torgler, B. / Ortega, G. (2018): Transfer market activities and sportive performance in European first football leagues: A dynamic network approach. PLoS ONE 13(12): e0209362.

Streicher, T. / Schmidt, S. L. / Schreyer, D. (2018): Referenda on hosting the Olympics: What drives voter turnout? Journal of Sports Economics.

Schreyer, D. / Schmidt, S. L. / Torgler, B. (2018). Football spectator no-show behavior. Journal of Sports Economics.

Schreyer, D. / Schmidt, S. L. / Torgler, B. (2018): Predicting season ticket holder loyalty using geographical information. Applied Economics Letters, 4, 272-277.

Schreyer, D. / Schmidt, S. L. / Torgler, B. (2017): Game outcome uncertainty and the demand for international football games: Evidence from the German TV market. Journal of Media Economics (B), 30, 31–45.

Kassis, M. / Schmidt, S. L. / Schreyer, D. / Torgler, B. (2017): Who gets promoted? Personality factors leading to promotion in highly structured work environments:  Evidence from a German professional football club. Applied Economics Letters, 24, 1222-1227.

Streicher, T. / Schmidt, S. L. / Schreyer, D. / Torgler, B. (2017): Is it the economy, stupid? The role of social versus economic factors in people's support for hosting the Olympic Games: evidence from 12 democratic countries. Applied Economics Letters, 24, 170-174.

Schmidt, S. L. / Torgler, B. / Jung, V. (2017): Perceived trade-off between education and sports career: Evidence from professional football. Applied Economics, 49, 2829-2850.

Schreyer, D. / Schmidt, S. L. / Torgler, B. (2016): Game outcome uncertainty and television audience demand: new evidence from German football. German Economic Review, 19, 140-161.

Merkel, S. / Schmidt, S. L. / Torgler, B. (2016): The effect of individual uncertainty on the specificity of human capital: empirical evidence from career developments in professional soccer. Applied Economics, 49, 2083-2095.

Schreyer, D. / Schmidt, S. L. / Torgler, B. (2016): Game outcome uncertainty in the English Premier League: Do German fans care? Journal of Sports Economics, 19, 625-644.

Schreyer, D. / Schmidt, S. L. / Torgler, B. (2016): Against all odds? Exploring the role of game outcome uncertainty in season ticket holders’ stadium attendance demand. Journal of Economic Psychology, 56, 192-217.

Bergmann, A. / Schmidt, S. L. / Schreyer, D. / Torgler, B. (2016): Age and organizational identification: Empirical findings from professional sports. Applied Economics Letters, 23, 718-722.

Merkel, S. / Schmidt, S. L. / Schreyer, D. (2016): The future of professional football - A delphi-based perspective of German experts on probable versus surprising scenarios. Sport, Business and Management: an International Journal, 6, 295–319.

Hoegele, D. / Schmidt, S. L. / Torgler, B. (2016): The importance of key celebrity characteristics for customer segmentation by age and gender: Does beauty matter in professional football? Review of Managerial Science, 10(3), 601-627.

Hoegele, D. / Schmidt, S. L. / Torgler, B. (2014): Superstars as drivers of organizational identification: Empirical findings from professional soccer. Psychology & Marketing, 31, 736‐757.

Hoegele, D. / Schmidt, S. L. / Torgler, B. (2014): Superstars and disloyal football fans: Factors influencing attraction to competition. Sport, Business and Management: An International Journal, 4, 298‐316.

Frey B. S. / Schaffner, M. / Schmidt, S. L. / Torgler, B. (2013): Do employees care about their relative income position? Behavioral evidence focusing on performance in professional team sports. Social Science Quarterly, 94(4): 912‐932.

Frey B. S. / Savage, D. / Schmidt, S. L. / Torgler, B. (2011): Auswirkungen von Macht auf das Überleben in Extremsituationen: Ein Vergleich der Titanic und Lusitania Schiffskatastrophen. Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, 63(2): 237‐254.

Torgler, B. / Schmidt, S. L. (2010): On the endogeneity of the pay‐performance relationship in professional soccer. The Empirical Economics Letters, 29(3): 1850‐1855.

Schmidt, S. L. / Torgler, B. / Frey B. S. (2009): Die Auswirkungen von Neid auf individuelle Leistungen: Ergebnisse einer Panelanalyse. Zeitschrift für Betriebswirtschaft, 79: 303‐334.

Richter, A. / Schmidt, S. L. (2008): The effectiveness of university level management consulting courses,.Journal of Management Education, 32(1): 84‐99.

Brauer, M. / Schmidt, S. L. (2008): Defining the strategic role of boards and measuring boards’ effectiveness in strategy implementation. Corporate Governance, 8(5): 649‐660.

Schmidt, S. L. / Richter, A. / Urlichs, R. (2008): Designing merger agreements to ease merger integration: Introducing the “merger scan”. Global Business and Organizational Excellence, 28(1): 35‐ 50.

Torgler, B. / Schmidt, S. L. (2007): What shapes players' performance in soccer? Empirical findings from a panel analysis. Applied Economics, 39: 2355–2369.

Schmidt, S. L. / Richter, A. (2006): Course formats for teaching management consulting. Journal of Education for Business, 82(1): 56‐62.

Richter, A. / Schmidt, S. L. (2006): Antecedents of the performance of management consultants. Schmalenbach Business Review, 58(4): 365‐391.

Brauer, M. / Schmidt, S. L. (2006): Exploring strategy implementation consistency over time: The moderating effects of industry velocity and firm performance. Journal of Management and Governance, 14(1): 12‐21.

Schmidt, S. L. / Brauer, M. (2006): Strategic governance: How to assess board effectiveness in guiding strategy execution. Corporate Governance: An International Review, 14(1): 13‐22.

Richter, A. / Schmidt, S.L. (2005): Management consulting courses and students' self‐efficacy: An empirical investigation. Academy of Management Best Paper Proceedings: D1‐D6.

Richter, A. / Schmidt, S.L. (2005): How does strategy process influence strategy content? Antecedents of consistency between resource allocation decisions and corporate strategy. Schmalenbach Business Review, 57(10): 332‐350.

Schmidt, S. L. / Brauer, M. (2005): Corporate Governance: Möglichkeiten des Aufsichtsrats zur sachgerechten Kontrolle von Managerverhalten und Firmenpolitik. Industrielle Beziehungen, 12(3): 306‐322.

Schmidt, S. L. / Vogt, P. (2005): Beurteilung von Synergiepotenzialen am Beispiel der Megafusion von AOL und Time Warner. Medien‐ und Kommunikationswissenschaft, 53(1): 120‐137.

Schmidt, S. L. / Vogt, P. / Schriber, S. (2005): Ansätze und Ergebnisse anglo‐amerikanischer M&A‐ Forschung. Journal für Betriebswirtschaft, 55(4): 297‐319.

Schmidt, S.L (2001): Merger of Equals – Idee und Wirklichkeit. Die Betriebswirtschaft, 61(5): 601‐ 614.

Rühli, E. / Schmidt, S.L. (2001): Strategieprozessforschung. Zeitschrift für Betriebswirtschaft, 71(5): 531‐550.

Schmidt, S. L. / Schettler, M. A.(1999): Ziele von Unternehmungszusammenschlüssen: Theorie und Praxis. Zeitschrift Führung and Organisation, 68(6): 312‐317.

Rühli, E. / Schmidt, S. L. (1999): Die angloamerikanische Strategy Process Research. Die Unternehmung, 53(4): 267‐286.

Schmidt, S. L. / Treichler, C.(1998): A Process‐based view and its influence on strategic management. Knowledge and Process Management, 5(5): 58‐63.

Treichler, C. / Schmidt, S.L.(1996): Transformationsfunktion von Kernprozessen: Implikationen einer Prozeßsicht für das strategische Management. Zeitschrift Führung und Organisation, 65(6): 136‐141.

Schmidt, S. L. (1996): US‐Experiences for quality assurance in swiss health care settings. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 8(2): 195‐197.

Rühli, E. / Treichler, C. / Schmidt, S. L. (1995): From business reengineering to management reengineering: A European study. Management International Review, 35(12): 361‐371.

Schmidt, S. L. / v. Ahnen, T. (1995): North American Free Trade Agreement. Studies in Political Science, (11): 55‐72.

Case Studies

Greyser, S. A. / Schmidt, S. L. / Holzmayer, F. (2018): The Bundesliga in the U.S. Harvard Business School (919-406).

Schmidt, S. L. / Holzmayer, F. (2018): FC Schalke 04 eSports. WHU – Otto Beisheim School of Management (CSM-0001).

Lakhani, K. / Schmidt, S. L. / Norris, M. / Herman, K. (2016): Bayern Munich in China. Harvard Business School (N9-617-025).

Groysberg, B. / Schmidt, S. L. / Thomke, A. / Herman, K. / Norris, M. (2016): Die Mannschaft: How Germany Won the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Harvard Business School (N9-416-025).

Zuh, F. / Schmidt, S. L. / Lakhani, K. R. / Herman, K. (2015): TSG Hoffenheim: Football in the Age of Analytics. Harvard Business School (N9-616-010).

Books and Book Chapters

Books

Schmidt, S.L. (2000): Megamerger in der pharmazeutischen Industrie. Ein Beitrag zur Strategieprozessforschung. Paul Haupt Verlag, Bern.

Schmidt, S. L. / Galli, H. (1998): Neuorientierung im Gesundheitswesen. Innovative Strategien zur Verbesserung des Gesamtleistungsprozesses. Gabler Verlag, Wiesbaden.

Schmidt, S. L. (1997): Qualität und Effizienz als strategische Herausforderung im Gesundheits‐ wesen: Ein Forschungsprojekt an der Harvard Business School. Rainer Hampp Verlag, Munich.

Book chapters

Schmidt, S. / Holzmayer, F. (2018): A framework for diversification decisions in professional football. In: Chadwick S., Parnell, D., Widdop, P., Anagnostopoulos, C. (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Football Business and Management, 3-19, Routledge Taylor & Francis Group, London/New York.

Schmidt, S. L. (2017): Hosting the Olympic Games. In: Frey, B.S., Iselin, D. (eds.), Economic Ideas You Should Forget, 119-120, Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Schmidt, S. L. / Bünning, F. (2014): Nutzen Proficlubs der Allgemeinheit? Zur ökonomischen und sozialen Bedeutung von Bundesligaclubs für ihre Heimatstädte. In: Nolte, M (Hrsg.), Fußball – Motor des Sportrechts, 9‐21, Deutsche Sporthochschule, Köln.

Torgler, B. / Schmidt, S. L. / Frey, B. S. (2008): Relative income position, inequality, and performance: An empirical panel analysis. In: Andersson, P., Ayton, P., Schmidt, C. (eds.), Myths and facts about football: The economics and psychology of the world's greatest sport, 349‐369, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Newcastle.

Richter, A. / Schmidt, S. L. / Treichler, C. (2004): Organisation und Mitarbeiterentwicklung als Differenzierungsfaktoren. In: Niedereichholz, C., Mirow, M., Sommerlatte, T., von Windau, P. (eds.), Handbuch der Unternehmensberatung 7220, 1‐18, Erich Schmidt Verlag, Berlin.

Vogt, P. / Schmidt, S. L. (2004): Printmedien – Produkte und Märkte. In: Sjurts, I. et. al, Lexikon der Medienwirtschaft, Gabler Verlag, Wiesbaden.

Schmidt, S. L. (2003): Kombination qualitativer und quantitativer empirischer Forschungsmethoden: Analyse von Strategieprozessen. In: Schwaiger, M./Harhoff, D. (eds), Empirie und Betriebswirtschaft – Entwicklungen und Perspektiven, 139‐155, Schäffer‐Poeschel Verlag, Stuttgart.

Schmidt, S. L. / Galli, H.: Prozessorientierte Strategieschöpfung im Gesundheitswesen. In: Schmidt, S. L. / Galli, H. (eds.), Neuorientierung im Gesundheitswesen. Innovative Strategien zur Verbesserung des Gesamtleistungsprozesses, 1‐20, Gabler Verlag, Wiesbaden.

Research Reports

Schmidt, S. L. / Schreyer, D. / Krüger, H. (2019): Future Study Bundesliga Consumption, WHU – Otto Beisheim School of Management, Center for Sports and Management (CSM), Düsseldorf/Vallendar.

Schmidt, S. L. / Beiderbeck, D. / Frevel, N. (2019): SPOAC Sportsbusiness-Study 2019, WHU  – Otto Beisheim School of Management, Center for Sports and Management (CSM), Düsseldorf/Vallendar.

Schmidt, S. L. / Krause, F. / Päffgen, C. (2018): SPOAC Sportsbusiness-Study 2018, WHU – Otto Beisheim School of Management, Center for Sports and Management (CSM), Düsseldorf/Vallendar.

Schmidt, S. L. / Krause, F. (2017): SPOAC Sportsbusiness-Study 2017, WHU – Otto Beisheim School of Management, Center for Sports and Management (CSM), Düsseldorf/Vallendar.

Schmidt, S. L. / Schreyer, D. / Päffgen, C. (2017): Dancing With The Dragon: The Quest For The Chinese Football Consumer, WHU – Otto Beisheim School of Management, Center for Sports and Management (CSM), Düsseldorf/Vallendar.

Schmidt, S. L. / Eberhard, K. (2016): SPOAC Sportybusiness-Study 2016, WHU – Otto Beisheim School of Management, Center for Sports and Management (CSM), Düsseldorf/Vallendar.

Schmidt, S. L. / Schreyer, D. / Streicher, T. (2015): To host or not to host the olympics – a transnational perspective, WHU – Otto Beisheim School of Management, Center for Sports and Management (CSM), Düsseldorf/Vallendar.

Schmidt, S. L. / Imoberdorf, R. / Buenning, F. (2014): Bonn: Die Stadt, in der das Runde nicht ins Eckige muss, WHU – Otto Beisheim School of Management, Center for Sports and Management (CSM), Düsseldorf/Vallendar.

Schmidt, S. L. / Imoberdorf, R. / Ulrich, F. (2014): Die Dorf‐Metropole, Focus Report in Sports, Business & Society (3), EBS Universität für Wirtschaft und Recht, Oestrich‐Winkel.

Schmidt, S. L. / Merkel, S. (2014): Professional Football 2025. A Delphi Szenario, Focus Report in Sports, Business & Society (2), EBS Universität für Wirtschaft und Recht, Oestrich‐Winkel.

Schmidt, S. L. / Imoberdorf, R. / Ulrich, F. (2014): Der VfL Wolfsburg und seine Stadt – mehr als 90 Minuten, Focus Report in Sports, Business & Society (1), Oestrich Winkel.

Schmidt, S. L. / Bergmann, A. (2013): We are National Team, ISBS Research Series, Issue 7, Oestrich Winkel.

Schmidt, S. L. / Saller, T. (2013): Kollege Spitzensportler: Chancen für Wirtschaft und Athleten, ISBS Research Series, Issue 6, Oestrich Winkel.

Schmidt, S. L. / Bünning, F. (2012): Die Stadt und ihr Profifußball: Eine ganz normale Beziehung, ISBS Research Series, Issue 5, Oestrich Winkel.

Schmidt, S. L. / Hoegele, D. (2011): Deutschland braucht den Superstar: Die gesellschaftliche Bedeutung von Vorbildern im Profifußball, ISBS Research Series, Issue 4, Oestrich Winkel.

Schmidt, S. L. / Jung, V. (2011): Adler sind keine Fliegengewichte mehr: Skispringen im Wandel der Zeit, ISBS Research Series, Issue 3, Oestrich Winkel.

Schmidt, S. L. / Schreyer, D. (2011): In the line of fire: Verweildauer von Bundesligatrainern und CEOs in Deutschland, ISBS Research Series, Issue 2, Oestrich Winkel.

Schmidt, S. L. / Weiss, C. (2010): Integration durch Profifußball: Eine Analyse der Leistungszentren der Bundesliga, ISBS Research Series, Issue 1, Oestrich Winkel.

Refereed Conference Papers

Eberhard, K. / Chan, H. F. / Schmidt, S. L. / Schreyer, D. / Torgler, B. (2017): Getting star-struck? Do superstar newcomer affect individual effort, cooperation and performance in teams), Society of the Advancement of Behavioral Economics (SABE) conference, Newcastle, (7th) July 2017.

Bünning, F. / Chan, H. F. / Schmidt, S. L. / Torgler, B. (2017) The role of early career awards on individual performance and behaviour: An empirical analysis using large NBA data, Society of the Advancement of Behavioral Economics (SABE) conference, Newcastle, (6th) July 2017.

Streicher, T. / Schmidt, S. L. / Schreyer, D. / Torgler, B. (2017): The interplay of feelings and deliberate reasoning for the support of hosting the Olympics: Evidence from 12 countries, 2nd International Conference on Sport Economics and Sport Management (SESM), Berlin, (11th) May 2017.

Bellmann, P. / Günther, C. / Schmidt S. L. (2016): Sports sponsorship as strategic HR tool: How companies can leverage their sports sponsorships internally to engage and retain their employees, Sport Marketing and Sponsorship Conference, Salzburg, (8th) April 2016.

Schreyer, D. / Schmidt, S. L. / Torgler, B. (2015): Game outcome uncertainty and the demand for international team sports, European Association for Sport Management (EASM) Conference, Dublin.

Schreyer, D. / Schmidt, S. L. / Torgler, B. (2015): Exploring additional attendance dimensions: The role of game outcome uncertainty in season ticket holders’ stadium arrival time, European Academy of Management (EURAM) Conference, Warsaw.

Bergman, A. / Schmidt, S. L. /Schreyer, D. / Torgler, B. (2014): The Role of Age in Organizational Identification: Empirical Findings from Professional Sports in Germany, 22nd European Association for Sport Management (EASM) Conference, Coventry.

Merkel, S. / Schmidt, S. L. (2014): The Future of European Professional Soccer: A Delphi‐based Scenario Analysis for 2025, 14th European Academy of Management Conference, Valencia. 

Hoegele, D. / Schmidt, S. L. / Torgler, B. (2013): Cheating soccer fans and superstars: Factors influencing disloyalty, European Academy of Management Annual Conference, Istanbul.

Jung, V. / Schmidt, S. L. / Torgler, B. (2012): Why are elite performers unrealistically optimistic when judging their chances of success? British Academy of Management Conference, Cardiff. 

Jung, V. / Schmidt, S. L. / Torgler, B. (2012): What Shapes Young Elite Athletes’ Perception of Success in an Environment of High Uncertainty? SMS Annual International Conference, Prague.  

Brauer, M. / Schmidt, S. L. (2006): Strategy implementation consistency: Revisiting assumptions on strategy implementation over time, Annual Conference on Corporate Strategy, Berlin.

Richter, A. / Schmidt, S. L. (2005): Management consulting courses and students' self‐efficacy: An empirical investigation, Academy of Management Annual Conference, Honolulu (Winner of Best Paper Award).

Richter, A. / Schmidt, S. L. (2005): How does strategy process influence strategy content? Antecedents of consistency between resource allocation decisions and corporate strategy, Annual Conference on Corporate Strategy, Koblenz. 

Schmidt, S. L. / Brauer, M. (2004): Why board of directors should become part‐time corporate strategy process researchers. Strategic Management Society Annual Conference, San Juan.

Richter, A. / Schmidt, S. L. (2004): Antecedents of consistency between resource allocation decisions and corporate strategy concept in organizations. Academy of Management Annual Conference, New Orleans.

Brauer, M. / Schmidt, S. L. (2004): Corporate governance and corporate strategy: defining the role of boards and measuring their effectiveness. European Group of Organization Studies Annual Conference, Ljublijana.

Schmidt, S. L. / Vogt, P. (2004): Disaggregation of the value chain: Emergence of new business models in strategy consulting. 2nd  International Conference on Management Consulting, Academy of Management, Lausanne (Winner of Best Paper Award).

Brauer, M. / Schmidt, S. L. (2004): Towards a strategic view of corporate governance: Value creation through monitoring strategy implementation. European Academy of Management Annual Meeting, St. Andrews.

Urlichs, R. / Schmidt, S. L. / Richter, A. (2004): Designing merger agreements to ease post‐merger integration. European Academy of Management Annual Meeting, St. Andrews.   

Schmidt, S. L. / Brauer, M. (2004): Corporate Governance: Von gesellschaftlicher Interessenswahrung zu gesellschaftlicher Interessenswahrnehmung. 66. Annual Conference, Verband der Hochschullehrer für Betriebswirtschaft, Graz.

Schmidt, S. L. / Müller‐Stewens, G. (2004): A methodological approach for comparative strategy process research. Workshop der Wissenschaftlichen Kommission Organisation, Verband der Hochschullehrer für Betriebswirtschaft, Augsburg.

Schmidt, S. L. / Galli, H. (1998): Why are long‐term strategies essential for total quality management, 3rd European Forum on Quality Improvement in Health Care Proceedings, Vienna.

Schmidt, S. L. (1996): A late follow‐up on the National Demonstration Project, 8th National Forum on Quality Improvement in Health Care Proceedings, Boston.